The phrase “electronic keyboard” identifies any instrument which produces sound by thepressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some way, to facilitate the creation of that sound. The usage of best digital piano to generate music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the very first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is definitely the oldest of these, initially designed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and referred to as hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or a natural water source like a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome till the 14th century, the organ remained the only keyboard instrument. It often did not include a keyboard at all, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated by using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance from the clavichord and harpsichord inside the 1300’s was accelerated by the standardization from the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys seen in all keyboard instruments these days. The recognition in the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed through the development and widespread adoption of the piano inside the 18th century. The piano was actually a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards since a pianist could vary the volume (or dynamics) from the sound the instrument made by varying the force in which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology in the 18th century was another essential element of the creation of the present day electronic keyboard. The initial electrified musical instrument was thought to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This is shortly then the “clavecin electrique” invented by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The previous instrument was made up of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to enhance their sonic qualities. The later was actually a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, that were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or perhaps the clavecin used electricity as being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented this type of instrument known as the “musical telegraph.,” that was, essentially, the very first best digital grand piano. Gray found that he could control sound from the self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and thus invented a basic single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from the electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them more than a telephone line. Grey continued to add a basic loudspeaker into his later models which consisted of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was another major reason for the development of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the first vacuum tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The vacuum tube became a necessary element of electronic instruments for the next half a century up until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade in the 1920’s brought a wealth of new electronic instruments on the scene such as the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, as well as the Trautonium.
The following major breakthrough within the history of electronic keyboards came in 1935 with the creation of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the first electronic instrument able to producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so until the invention from the Chamberlin Music Maker, and also the Mellotron within the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin as well as the Mellotron were the first ever sample-playback keyboards intended for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s using the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a 3 along with a half octave instrument produced from 1946 until 1948 that came equipped with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The rise of music synthesizers inside the 1960’s gave an effective push for the evolution from the electronic musical keyboards we have today. The initial synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed the production of synthesizers that have been self-contained, portable instruments able to used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly a digital keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer using a built in keyboard, and also this instrument further standardized the design of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, such as the Minimoog as well as the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, capable of producing just one single tone at a time. A couple of, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, as well as the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones simultaneously when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the production of multiple simultaneous tones which permit for your playing of chords) was just obtainable, in the beginning, using electronic organ designs. There was several electronic keyboards produced which combined organ izlcdl with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the look of polyphonic synthesizers including the Oberheim Four-Voice, and the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The very first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to utilize a microprocessor as being a controller, as well as allowed all knob settings to get saved in computer memory and recalled simply by pushing a button. The Prophet-5’s design soon took over as the new standard within the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) because the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to get connected into computers and other devices for input and programming), and also the ongoing cheap piano keyboards have produced tremendous advancements in most aspects of electronic keyboard design, construction, function, sound quality, and expense. Today’s manufactures, including Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are now producing a good amount of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and will continue to accomplish this well in to the near future.